Mediation now an option in Magistrate Court matters

Mediation has for a number of years been a viable option for litigants in the High Court to attempt to speedily resolve their dispute. The mediation option, as an alternative form of dispute resolution, has now also been incorporated into the Rules Regulating the Conduct of Proceedings of Magistrate’s Courts (“Rules”) under Rules 70 – 79. This amendment, which came into operation on 9 June 2023, deals with how civil matters are dealt with in the Magistrate’s Courts and specifically includes mediation as an option for parties involved in litigation.

What does this mean for litigants and the public? The formal incorporation of mediation in the Rules does not make it compulsory for the parties to pursue mediation. The Rules, however, emphasise the consideration of mediation by parties in litigation and requires parties to inform each other, as well as the court, of their intentions regarding mediation.  

For a party considering a new action or application, the Rules regulating mediation provide that a Plaintiff or Applicant issuing a new action and/or application in the Magistrate’s Court should serve on the opposition a notice indicating whether such Plaintiff or Applicant agrees to or opposes the referral of the matter to mediation. The Rules also provide that a Defendant or Respondent shall similarly when delivering a notice to defend and/or notice to oppose, or at any time thereafter, but not later than the delivery of a plea or answering affidavit, serve the Plaintiff or Applicant with a responding notice indicating whether such Defendant or Respondent agrees to or opposes the referral of the matter to mediation. Parties are essentially requested to advance reasons why they are of the view that a matter is or is not capable of being mediated.

Parties may at any stage, before judgement, agree to refer a dispute between them to mediation. Should a matter already be on trial, or should an opposed application already have commenced, and the parties decide to mediate, the parties will have to first obtain the leave of the court. Where parties agree to mediate a dispute, they will be obliged to deliver a jointly signed minute recording of their election to refer the dispute to mediation and they will be required to enter into an agreement to mediate. Important to note, matters in which there are multiple parties to the litigation, with some of them in favour of mediation and some not, the parties who are in favour of mediation may proceed to mediate despite any other party’s refusal. 

Mediation should be concluded within 30 days from the date of signing the joint minute, but time limits may be extended on application and good cause shown. During this period formal litigation processes, the filing of pleadings and affidavits are suspended. Should the suspension of the process be abused by a party, the innocent party may approach the court to uplift the suspension. Where there is more than one dispute to be mediated between the parties, the parties can refer those disputes that could not be resolved at mediation, back to the litigation process. When the mediation process is finalised the parties once again issue a joint minute indicating whether full or partial settlement was reached. All communications and disclosures made during mediation proceedings, be it in writing and/or oral, are considered confidential and inadmissible as evidence unless agreed otherwise between the parties.  

Although mediation is not compulsory between parties in litigation, parties should consider some of the positives relating to mediation. Mediation can be less costly, less formal and devoid of protracted processes that are often associated with litigation. 

Although all matters are decided on their own merits, a party who outright disregards mediation, in circumstances where mediation should have been the preferred option, may not only be awarded an unfavourable outcome but may find disapproval with the court and may be penalised with a punitive cost order. So, mediation should not just be ignored and parties would do well to consider and discuss with their attorneys the option of mediation in relation to their Magistrate’s Court dispute.

Disclaimer: This article is the personal opinion/view of the author(s) and is not necessarily that of the firm. The content is provided for information only and should not be seen as an exact or complete exposition of the law. Accordingly, no reliance should be placed on the content for any reason whatsoever and no action should be taken on the basis thereof unless its application and accuracy have been confirmed by a legal advisor. The firm and author(s) cannot be held liable for any prejudice or damage resulting from action taken on the basis of this content without further written confirmation by the author(s). 

July 26, 2023
Human Rights: Upholding the right to education

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The right to education is outlined in section 29 of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 (hereinafter “the Constitution”). This section guarantees that everyone has the right to basic education and the right to further education, which the state, through reasonable measures, must make progressively available and accessible. In South Africa the right to basic education can be described as a fundamental socio-economic right, that is, an entitlement to conditions and resources necessary for the material well-being of people.

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